Ecological Modelling Resource Home Page

[General Aspects][Societies] [University Homepages][Literature][Resources][Models]

Compiled and Updated by the students of Ecological Modelling (Environmental Studies 406)

1997: Nevis Antoniazzi, Gilles Berube, Linda Cutler, Scott Emmons, Terri Fortune Glenn Isaac, Tanya Laing, Mike Nishizaki, and Kathy Peet

2002: Brieanna Allen, Mark Bidwell, Vanessa Egginton, A. Chris Farrer, Neal Foord, Jennifer Fryatt, Nicole Gagnon, Susan Gill, Laba Guebezai, Jennifer Hendsbee, Chi-Hao (Dennis) Hung, Ann Johnson, Orla Jorgenson, Benita Kaytor, Shelley Kuromi, Elaine Kwan, Ducan Mccoll, Brenda Moore, Amanda Saigeon, Kari Sexsmith, Clayton Sheen, Debbie Taint, Jennifer Waughtal, Miranda Werk

 For additional information or to report error please contact:

Dr. Joe Ackerman

Tel (250) 960 - 5839

Fax (250) 960 - 5539

General Aspects of Ecological Modelling

Modelling of Physical and Engineering Problems:

Web site of a research group based at Loughborough University which outlines and introduces the individual interests of the group's members.
EcoTools: High level tools for modelling and simulation of individual oriented ecological models. Offers samples of simulated models. Modelling, Simulation, Virtual Environment: This is a presentation of some of the current information and technologies in regard to modelling. This site permits access to various companies, Institutes and web sites related to modelling. Environmental Monitoring and Modelling: Electronic Resources List This lists a wide variety of sources and gives access to information pertaining to environmental monitoring and modelling. Ecological Modelling (ECOBAS): Provides easy access to available information about ecological modelling. (simulation models, description of models, simulation software, persons, and literature.) Ecology of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve:
  Web page for an ecological modeling class at Stanford University; includes an on-line Stella model of an aquatic ecosystem.
Ecological Modelling Links:
Includes links to registers and sources of models, societies, journals, software, databases, documents, FAQ's.  Includes links to many sites already listed on class page.
Basic Ecological Models:
Some practice questions and a general overview of some math used in ecological modelling.  Some questions require use of Danasys software, and a link is provided to download this software.
Geochemical and Ecological Modelling:
Free downloads of Ecowin 2000, Barcawin 2000, Oceanus 2000, Equation 2000, and Databuilder 2000, as well as some simple models, utilities, and other links.
An Introduction to the Practice of Ecological Modelling:
This is a paper on the basics of ecological modelling.
The Modelling Web Site:
Power point presentations and spreadsheet models from a modelling course taught by William Silvert, also links to other ecological modelling topics and a mailing list.
Ecological Modelling: Desertification
Discusses ecological models utilizing rule-based computer simulations and applies this technique to desertification problems.
Register of Ecological Models:
The University of Kassel and the National Research Center for Environment and Health have provided a database to search for various ecological models. New models may be added to the database and postscripts may be downloaded. References, literature and working papers are provided.
Societies Related to Ecological Modelling

The NASA Home Page:

Search the NASA web site to view many items and projects related to modelling.
Models in UFIS: This site is a compilation of different types of environmental models. The models are described briefly and some equations and environmental conditions are included. ISEM: ISEM (International Society of Ecological Modelling) promotes the international exchange of Idea's, scientific results and general knowledge in the area of the application of systems analysis and simulation in ecology and natural resource management. Resource Modelling Association: The (RMA) started in the Pacific Westcoast and was organized by a group of applied mathematicians, applied population biologists, fisheries scientists, and resource economists, primarily from the West coast of North America (Canada and the US) to organize annual meetings to discuss the application of models to resource management.  Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time: Emphasis is placed on interplaying experimentation and modelling in regards to population studies. The site includes birth-death processes / time-lag models on population growth / competition processes... Ecological Modelling: The International Journal of Ecological Modelling and Systems Ecology is concerned with the use of mathematical models and systems analysis for the description of ecosystems and for the control of environmental pollution and management of natural resources. Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP):
Learn more about how SERDP is using ecological models to address land management issues.
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis:
Resource database on ecological issues regarding modelling.


Ecological Modelling University Home Pages

ENVS 406 Ecological Modelling Home Page:

University of Northern British Columbia ecological modelling course home page. Includes course and laboratory outline, reserve readings, office hours, and links to other home pages. Available Models: This is a site from Trent University that has the titles of several models, including a soil model, sewage treatment model, a bioaccumulation model. The reader can download the documents. BITOK - Ecological Modelling Page: Bayreuther Institut für Terrestrische Ökosystemforschung ecological modelling home page with list of current applications and publications, etc. Mathematical Biology at UBC:
Outlines the research topics in the mathematical biology M.Sc. and PhD. programs and gives links to supervisors and their research interests.
U WI Statistics Minitab Guide:
A document adapted from "Stat 1000: Statistics Computer Handbook" which outlines basic usage of the Minitab statistical software.
Center for Land Use Water Resources Research: The Center for Land Use and Water Resources Research (CLUWRR) is the focus at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne for multidisciplinary study of land and water. It offers an example of a model describing the environmental and management conditions on plants. This site lists the various models that the research center is investigating. It also lists various publications, including ecological models, which can be ordered. Computational Ecology at Yale:
Based at the Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies, this web site includes links to projects and their associated simulators as well as links to key people within the CCE (Center for Computational Ecology).
Ecological Modelling for the Masses:
University of Maryland, Institute for Ecological Economics
A discussion of the creation of new software for easier, more universally applicable, modelling.
Modelling an Ecosystem with Stella:
An introduction to the use of Stella in modelling.
Ecological Simulation:
University of Oregon, Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering
An introduction to ecological simulations and ecological modelling.
Geospatial Analysis and Modelling of Ecologcial Systems (GAMES) Lab:
University of Central Florida, Dept. of Biology
The GAMES Lab integrates GIS with ecological modelling in order to produce dynamic models across a variety of scales.
Ecological Modelling Home Page: Through this server we have access to the information discussed at a weekly meeting by the Ecological Modelling research group at the University of Adelaide. Interest is displayed in the domain of fisheries Bioeconomics, Metapopulation dynamics, and Mathematical modelling in conservation biology. Ecological Modelling: This is a University of Kassel server which contains simulation models, descriptions of these models, software, persons and literature. It is also for modellers who want to make their models easily available. Ecological Modelling at Stanford University:
Ecological Modelling at Stanford University
Department of Ecological Modelling: UFZ Center for Environmental Research
Research and development of mathematical and simulation models of ecological processes.
Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering: This page contains sections that are related to ecological modelling which include an introduction, simulation, parallel simulation and ecological simulation test bed. Ecosystem Modelling Group, Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University: This site contains information on ecological models in relation to interactions between physical, biological and chemical processes in a variety of marine environments. Spatial Modelling Environment: A site with a general overview of some landscape models and applications. The site is a collaboration of International Institute for Ecological Economics, Center for Environmental Science and the University of Maryland System. University of Adelaide, Australia
Web page from the University of Adelaide offers discussion groups on current topics relating to ecological research, links to sites with useful information related to ecology, and publications from graduates.
  Literature Related to Ecological Modelling

(i) Books and Journals

List of Scientific Journals:

This site offers a wide range of various scientific journals from agriculture, ecology, environmental pollution, to soil biology. Their descriptions of journals contain the journal's: aim and scope, audiences, related publications and ordering information. OUP USA: Introductory Statistics
Book review for "Introductory Statistics: a Modelling Approach" with a link to order over the internet.
Introduction to Ecological Modelling: Brief description and order form for an introductory textbook in ecological modelling. Using basic mathematical knowledge a wide range of applications is revealed. Ecological Modelling: This is The International Journal on Ecological Modelling and Systems Ecology home page. It includes vol. 77, 1995 - vol. 92, 1996. List of Textbooks on Ecological Modelling: This entails a list of book relevant to ecological modelling. Included are pro's and con's, brief descriptions and bibliographies. Revised Version of the Modelling Language TROLL: This offers you a description and a bibliography of a book on the language used in conceptual modelling. Ecological Modelling: Journals concerned with the use of mathematical models and systems analysis for the description of ecosystems and for the control of environmental pollution and management of natural resources. Environmental Information Sources:
This is a site that offers a variety of sources dealing with an assortment of subjects relating to the environment.
The Ecological Modelling Web Site:
Site offers links to ecological resources including papers, lectures and additional useful sites.
Ecological Modelling Journals:
A good-sized journal database pertaining to ecological modelling, with links to other journals, institutions and scientists.
Environment, Conservation & Ecology Journals:
A large database for e-journals, with a quick and easy to use search feature, or go through the individual journals as they are listed alphabetically.
Environmental Sciences Division -- Environmental Science:
Provides links for many environmental journals, including ecological modelling resources, as well as additional links for books.

(ii) Reports

Environmental Mathematics and Modelling: Documentation:

This web site describes projects which work on the development of computer simulation software for mathematical modeling and flow analysis.
Symposium abstract of topics in public land management with special emphasis on issues of management of rangelands in the western United States.
Ecological Modelling Resources:

(i) Software

The QBasic Page:
Links to a downloadable sample of QBasic and provides an environment to learn more about the program.
Top 219 QBASIC Sites:
Provides a ranked list of the top 219 available Q(uick)BASIC internet sites.
Excel Spreadsheets:
Displays how-to information for performing simple Excel commands in both versions 4.0 and 5.0.
The All Basic Code Home Page:
Provides access to archives of sample Basic coding.
Frequently Asked Questions about Maple:
This web page has compiled a list of the FAQ's regarding Maple operation and provided the answers.
Building a Model using SIMEX (Version 3.10): This site provides step by step instructions on how to create an influenza outbreak model using the SIMEX framework. This site offers a good example of the type of programming that is needed to create a computer model. A warning that users should be familiar in C and C++ language in order to understand the instructions fully. Free Software Package for Ecological Modelling: BSIM is a computer package designed to facilitate the development of simulation models for ecological and bioeconomic problems. It was designed to make modelling easier without constraining the user to specific mathematical formulations, and it was also intended to develop a tool that would support as many computer platforms as possible. EcoTOOLS: This site lists developed tools to support the modelling and simulation of individual-oriented ecological models. Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time: Emphasis is placed on interplaying experimentation and modelling in regards to population studies. The site includes birth-death processes / time-lag models on population growth / competition processes... Environmental Studies Grey Literature Browse: The University of Toronto listings for Earth Sciences. A collection of journals of various ecological modelling projects in North America. Elsevier Science Tables of Contents: Elsevier Science is a listing of current research and goings on in chemistry and chemical engineering, clinical medicine, computer science, earth and planetary sciences, economics business and management, engineering energy and technology, environmental and tech, life sciences, materials science, mathematics, physics and astronomy and social sciences. Software for Ecosystem Modelling:
Contains many useful links, software and web sites for modelling.
Tarzan Legovic's Ecological Modelling Links:
This site provides some links such as sources of ecological models, simulation modelling, database, simulation software and other useful search engines.
Dmoz Open Directory Project:
This site has many useful links to web sites which are related to modelling software information.
Ecological Modelling:
This site introduces and provides various software and tools for ecological modelling. For example, in the "Modelling Environment" section, it has Stella, Swarm Simulation System and etc.
Computer Software for Teaching Ecology:
This site provides different kinds of computer software for teaching research ecology.
ii) Ecological Resources:
Spatial Analysis Starting Point:
This site provides links to researching spatial analysis on the world wide web.
Interactive Species Distribution Reporting, Mapping and Modelling Using the World Wide Web: This site provides information on how to use the world wide web and the ERIN database to allow fast, easy access to information on the distribution of plants and animals, information on nature conservation and management. One application of ERIN is that it offers automated spatial reporting, mapping, and modelling system for species distributions. ECOBAS: Documentation of mathematical formulations of ecological processes. It also connects you to literature and working papers concerning these subjects. Center for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH):
 CEH web provides information about the group's research, products and data.
List of WWW Sites of Interest to Ecologists:
A comprehensive list of compiled ecology web sites organized alphabetically and includes related topic pages.
Ecological Resources on the World Wide Web:
Provides links to general ecological directories on the world wide web.
Ecological Modelling Bibliography:
This is a list of publications, some of which are available on the net, which pertain to ecological modelling.
Dynamic Product Flow Model for a Mixed Ecological Farm: This page is a summary of research done on an ecological farm where the crops are grown without chemical dependancies.  UTK Mathematical Life Sciences Archives: This collection of Life Science Pages has been organized by E. Dobos, L. Gross and C. Zimmermann at the
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, with support from National Science Foundation Undergraduate Course and
Curriculum Program through Grant #USE-9150354.
(iii) Math and Statistic Resources:
Linear Algebra:
Teaching materials in various topics related to linear algebra including matrices, vector spaces, linear transformations, and systems of linear equations.
SIGSTAT Links to Statistical Resources on the Internet:
STATlinks- Links to Statistical Resources on the Internet
This list of resources was initially developed by Charlie Hallahan of the USDA. Brian Monsell of the US Census Bureau created the original HTML version of the list, and each has added some other resources.
Statistical Resources on the Web:
Posted by University of Michigan, this site provides access to a number of web sites for statistical information on agriculture, business and industry, consumers, economics, education, energy, the environment, and much more.
Mathematical Resources on the Web:
List compiled by the University of Florida mathematics department in topics aimed to assist students with comprehension and research.
The Calculus Hater's Home Page:
Done from a student's point of view, this site includes a list of helpful tools to "help you survive your calculus class".
Elementary Linear Algebra:
Lecture notes provided by a professor of mathematics at the University of Queensland.
Linear Algebra Toolkit:
Each module in this site is designed to help a linear algebra student learn and practice a basic linear algebra procedure, such as Gauss-Jordan reduction, calculating the determinant, or checking for linear independence
Excel Spreadsheets:
Displays how-to information for performing simple Excel commands in both versions 4.0 and 5.0.
Mathematics Archives MSDOS Software for Modelling:
Contains an extensive list of software available for modelling purposes.  They are divided into groups of package type by availability to the user through direct download from the site.
S.O.S. Math:
Mathematics home page established by the University of Texas of El Paso. It has a very user friendly interface and a student can easily obtain formulas and basic rules for trigonometry, calculus, algebra and differential equations.
Keywords for Equations:
This is an alphabetical list of equations that may be useful for modelling. The equations are described and cases where the equation would be used are shown.
The MathServ Calculus Toolkit:
Includes easy-to-use tools for various calculus topics including algebra, functions, graphing, limits and derivatives, applications of the derivative and integrals.
Math Fun Facts:
Fun facts hosted by the Harvey Mudd College Math Department which can be searched randomly, topically, or by keyword.
An Introduction to Trigonometry:
Discusses the basics of trigonometry. This site gives definitions, formulas and provides examples for easy learning.
Visual Calculus Online Statistics Tutorials:
Web page explains the use and interpretation of statistical analysis techniques. Examples are provided using the Windows KWIKSTAT program.
Examples of Ecological Models:

(i) Ecological Models

National Micropopulation Simulation Resource:
This site connects the reader to several links including interactive tutorials to simulate disease models.
Bird Models:
This page gives links to models for various species of birds.
Logistic Population Model:
This site highlights the problems with the Malthus population model and supports the logistic population model.
Ecological Modelling in GIS:
A paper by Peter van Horssen on how GIS and ecological modelling are used to manage a wetland area.
Compartment Model of the Spread of Infectious Disease:
Shows a diagram on a model of the spread of infectious disease.
Logistic Model:
This site gives a description of the logistic model, developed by Pierre Verhulst (1838). The site models the rate of population growth and how it may depend on population density. Presents the definition of what a logistic model is in a lecture/text book style format.

Density-Dependend Population Growth:

Describes density-dependent population growth through use of logistic graphs and equations, and incorporates interactions between organisms as well as organisms and their environments.
SEA Modelling:
This site gives a description of the Systems Engineering Australia Pty Ltd (SEA) tasks. It gives SEA’s definition of a model and describes how to create one. Their task is to construct a model that predicts the behaviour of a test subject. They construct models in cooperation with scientists.
This page describes spatio-temporal modelling in the context of ecosystem simulation and discusses the importance of this type of modelling and some of the computational and conceptual complexity issues involved in building complex spatio-temporal models.
Fire Modelling Research:
This web site explores the links between fire and wind through a coupled atmosphere-fire model to provide convective feedback on fire-line dynamics.
Center for Land Use and Water Resources Research (CLUWRR):
The CLUWRR model index provides links to free software to operate PARCHED-THIRST, PC-VEMM, and VIPER models.
WWW-Server for Ecological Modelling: Contains information for various models used in ecology. This site provides a short description of each model and how to use them. Specific Ecological Models: Provides examples of population models and GIS-based models published or developed by researchers from the Environmental Sciences Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Illinois Watershed Management Clearinghouse: Discusses the procedures necessary for correct development of specific watershed models and also provides various case studies for examples. Biomass of SAV in Chesapeake Bay: A final report on the survey conducted on the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) in Chesapeake Bay in response to environmental changes. Okke Batelaan's Personal Modelling Projects: Project outlines from 1998 to 2001 involving hydrological modeling. Basic Ecological Models: Basic Ecological Models. Site contains introductory exercises, problems, and definitions for using DynaSys. Ecological Models Nutrient Cycling:
A benthic model of nutrient cycling.
Ecological Models Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Models:
Resource Management Associates (RMA) describes robust hydrodynamic and water quality models.
(ii) Spatial Models
Spatially Explicit Ecosystem Modelling:
An on-line journal article written by R. McKeown et al. regarding land surface changes for climate and global change analysis.
GIS & Environmental Modelling Research at Edinburgh:
GIS research incorporated into environmental modelling and monitoring.  The topics of interest for this geography department include eagle conservation, environmental monitoring in Belize, and visualisations for an Edinburgh volcano.
UFIS Model Home Page:
This web page allows for the user to search for models by keyword and includes links to other sites of importance.
Spatial Modelling Environment: This is a spatial modelling web site. It has a few specific landscape model examples and an introduction to spatial modelling. Aquatic Modelling: Spatial modelling of aquatic habitat from a fish's perspective. It highlights a research project done on Lake Erie, which also contains a bibliography with some other spatial model literature.
(iii) Environmental Models
CAMASE - Guidelines for Modelling:
Provides a summary of CAMASE_NEWS (extra edition) November 1995.  Included sections are guidelines, evaluation, sensitivitiy and uncertainty analysis, and calibration.
Soil Erosion Modelling:
The Canadian Soil Information System (CANSIS) has produced a model of which the summary is produced on the web site in order to assess the health of our soils.
CAMASE - Search the CAMASE Database:
A register of agro-ecosystem models which can be searched by name, keyword, author, purpose, program type, and subject.  Field definitions and a list of all of the models in the register are also linked to this page.
Environmental Modelling Curriculum Resources: Describes the basic structure of a model and provides information on a variety of models which cover various aspects of environmental modelling. Ecological Models: This site has specific ecological models for a few species and their habitats. Some of the species included are territorial migrant birds, Red Cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) and Karner Blue Butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis).
(iv) Oceanographic Models
Modeling Intertidal Salinity - IEP Newsletter:
An on-line journal article written by N. Knowles et al. that explores the usage of the Uncles/Peterson Model to create an accurate, broad-scale model of an estuarine environment.
General Ocean Turbulence Model (GOTM):
GOTM is a one dimentional numerical model for the simulation of vertical exchange processes in the marine environment.
The site also contains extensive links.

Server for Ecological Modelling:

Register of Ecological Models (REM) searchable meta-database for existing mathematical models in ecology.

Australian Community Ocean Model:

Australian Community Ocean Model site contains several atmospheric models.

The OCCAM Global Ocean Model:

OCCAM is a primitive equation numerical model of the global ocean.
Fine Resolution Antarctic Model (FRAM):
A web site outlining FRAM, a numerical model of the southern ocean.
AQUATOX Release 1: A Simulation Model for Aquatic Ecosystems: AQUATOX predicts the fate of various pollutants, such as nutrients and organic toxicants, and their effects on the ecosystem, including fish, invertebrates, and aquatic plants. ECOTOX Web Site:
A fully searchable Electronic Database is an easy-to-use tool for all ecologists and ecotoxicologists.
Oceanic Environmental Model:
A pictorial representation of movement of carbon, oxygen, phosphorous and nitrogen between the atmosphere, ocean, ocean floor, and aquatic organisms.
COHERENS is a multipurpose model for coastal and shelf seas. The model is coupled to biological, resuspension and contaminant models, and resolves mesoscale to seasonal scale processes. This web page provides a model description, documentation and a review of results from the model.
(v) Chaos Models Chaos Theory:  
This site provides extensive search results for chaos theory in many contexts.

The World of Chaos and Fractals:

A look at chaos and the way in which models of chaos can be used to explain formations in nature, like ice.

Chaos Models in Ecology:

This web page is an excellent source for finding journals and sources related to chaos and other ecological models with examples in Stella.

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Last modified on September 2, 2002.