Proper ATV Usage

General Requirements for Operation of ATVs


·         Maintenance records for any service, repair or modification which affects the safe performance of the equipment must be maintained and be reasonably available to the operator and maintenance personnel during work hours.

·         Servicing, maintenance and repair of mobile equipment must not be done when the equipment is operating, unless continued operation is essential to the process and a safe means is provided.

·         Mobile equipment used off maintained roads must be appropriate and safe for the intended use considering factors such as the nature of the travel surface, the slope of the travel surface, and the activities to be undertaken.

Competency of operators

·         A person must not operate mobile equipment unless the person:

(a)    has received adequate instruction in the safe use of the equipment,

(b)   has demonstrated to a qualified supervisor or instructor competency in operating the equipment,

(c)    is familiar with the operating instructions for the equipment.

Operator's responsibility

·         The operator of mobile equipment must operate the equipment safely, maintain full control of the equipment, and comply with the laws governing the operation of the equipment.

Supervisor's responsibility

·         A supervisor must not knowingly operate or permit a worker to operate mobile equipment which is, or could create, an undue hazard to the health or safety of any person, or is in violation of this Regulation.


·         Mobile equipment used during the period from 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise, or when persons or vehicles are not clearly discernible at a distance of 150 m (500 ft), must have and use lights to adequately illuminate

(a)    the direction of travel,

(b)   the working area about the mobile equipment, and

(c)    the cab instruments.

Pre-trip inspection

·         The operator must inspect the equipment before each use.

·         The operator must report defects and conditions affecting the safe operation of the equipment to the supervisor or employer.

·         Any repair or adjustment necessary for the safe operation of the equipment must be made before the equipment is used.

Prohibited use

·         An all-terrain cycle must not be used in any occupational, industrial, or commercial workplace.


·         A modification to an ATV which may affect its structural integrity or stability must be certified by a professional engineer.

Operator's manual

·         The operator's manual for an ATV must be kept in a secure place with the vehicle or at another location readily accessible to the operator.

·         The operator must use an ATV in accordance with the instructions in the operator's manual.

Use on sloping ground

·         If the manufacturer has not set limits for operation of the ATV on sloping ground, 5% is the maximum allowable slope unless the employer has developed and implemented written safe work procedures appropriate for any steeper slope on which the equipment is to be used.

Operator training

·         The employer must ensure that each ATV operator is properly trained in the safe operation of the vehicle.

·         The training program for an ATV operator must cover

(a)    the operator's pretrip inspection,

(b)   use of personal protective apparel,

(c)    operating skills according to the ATV manufacturer's instructions,

(d)   basic mechanical requirements, and

(e)    loading and unloading the vehicle, if this is a job requirement.

Personal protective equipment

·         An ATV operator and any passenger on an ATV must wear

(a)    an approved helmet,

(b)   approved eye protection,

(c)     approved hearing protection,

(d)   clothing suitable for the environmental conditions, and

(e)    when necessary to protect against the hazards presented at the worksite, suitable gloves and clothing which covers the ankles and legs and the arms to the wrists.

Loading and unloading

·         Loading and unloading of an ATV onto or off a carrier vehicle must be done in a safe manner.

·         If ramps are used when loading or unloading an ATV, they must be placed at a suitable angle, be sufficiently wide and have a surface finish which provides an adequate grip for the ATV's tires.