Reference on Abiotic Pollination

Compiled by Dr. Joe Ackerman

University of Northern British Columbia

General or Ecologically-oriented Articles  
  • Ackerman, J.D. In Press. Abiotic Pollen and Pollination: Ecological, Functional, and Evolutionary Perspectives. In:  A. Dafni, E. Pacini, and M. Hesse (eds.). Pollen and Pollination. Springer Verlag.  34 pp.



    Anemophily (Wind Pollination)
      Hydrophily (Water Pollination)